Websites elsewhere related to nexus analysis and mediated discourse analysis:

Selected bibliography (Check also publications by nexusunioulu people!)

Core readings on nexus analysis

Scollon, R. (1998). Mediated discourse as social interaction: A study of news discourse. London: Longman.

Scollon, R. (2001a). Action and text: Towards an integrated understanding of the place of text in social (inter)action, mediated discourse analysis and the problem of social action (pp. 139–189). In R. Wodak & M. Meyer (Eds.), Methods in critical discourse analysis. London: Sage.

Scollon, R. (2001b). Mediated discourse. The nexus of practice. London: Routledge.

Scollon, R. & S.W. Scollon (2007). Nexus analysis: refocusing ethnography on action. Journal of Sociolinguistics 11 (5), 608–625.

Scollon, R. (2008). Discourse itineraries: Nine processes of resemiotization (pp. 233–244). In V. K. Bhatia, J. Flowerdew & R. H. Jones (Eds.), Advances in discourse studies. London: Routledge.

Scollon, S. & I. de Saint-Georges (2011). Mediated discourse analysis. In J.P. Gee & M. Handford (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of discourse analysis (pp. 66–78). London: Routledge.

Scollon, R. & S.W. Scollon (2003). Discourses in place: Language in the material world. London: Routledge.

Scollon, R. &  S.W. Scollon (2004). Nexus analysis: Discourse and the emerging Internet. London: Routledge.

More on theory

Gee, J.P. 2015. Discourse, small d, big D. In K. Tracy, C. Ilie & T. Sandel (eds), The International Encyclopedia of Language and Social Interaction. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Goffman, E. 1981. Forms of talk. Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Goffman, E. 1983. The interaction order: American Sociological Association, 1982 presidential address. American Sociological Review, 48 (1), 1–17.

Goodwin, C. 2000. Action and embodiment within situated human interaction. Journal of Pragmatics, 32 (10), 1489–1522.

Hult, F.M. 2015. Making policy connections across scales using nexus analysis. In F.M. Hult & D.C. Johnson (eds), Research methods in language policy and planning: a practical guide, 217–231.

Iedema, R. 2001. Resemiotization. Semiotica, 137 (1–4), 23–39.

Iedema, R. 2003. Multimodality, resemiotization: extending the analysis of discourse as multi-semiotic practice. Visual Communication, 2 (1), 29–57.

Jones, R.H. 2013. Analysis of mediated interaction. In C. Chapelle (ed.), The encyclopedia of applied linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell.

Jones, R.H. & S. Norris 2005. Discourse as action/discourse in action. In S. Norris & R.H. Jones (eds), Discourse in action. Introducing mediated discourse analysis. Abingdon: Routledge, 3–14.

Nishida, K. (1958). Intelligibility and the philosophy of nothingness. Tokyo: Maruzen

Norris, S. (2004). Analyzing multimodal interaction: a methodological framework. London: Routledge.

Norris, S. & R.H. Jones (Eds.) (2005). Discourse in action. Introducing mediated discourse analysis. Abingdon: Routledge.

Pan, Y. (2014). Nexus analysis. In S. Norris & C.D. Maier (eds), Interactions, images and texts. A reader in multimodality. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton, 53–62.

de Saint-Georges, I. (2005). From anticipation to performance. Sites of engagement as process. In S. Norris & R. H. Jones (eds), Discourse in action: Introducing mediated discourse analysis. London: Routledge, 155–166.

de Saint-Georges, I. (2013). Anticipatory discourse. In C.A. Chapelle (Ed.), The encyclopedia of applied linguistics. London: Blackwell, 1–7.

Doctoral theses (from the University of Oulu)

Halkola, E. (2015). Participation in infrastructuring the future school: A nexus analytic inquiry. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. Series A, Scientiae rerum naturalium 660. Retrieved from

Hartikainen, H. (2017). Malice in Wonderland: Children, online safety and the wonderful world of Web 2.0. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis A, Scientiae rerum naturalium, 704. Retrieved from

Koivistoinen, H. (2016). Changing understandings of language learning and teaching: The perspectives of pupils, parents and future language teachers.  Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. Series B, Humaniora 147. Retrieved from

Martinviita, A. (2017). Online community as experience and discourse: A nexus analytic view into understandings of togetherness online. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. Series B, Humaniora 156. Retrieved from

Riekki, M. (2016). Navigating change: Nexus-analytic explorations in the field of foreign language education. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. Series B, Humaniora 146. Retrieved from

Räisänen, S. (2015). Changing literacy practices: A becoming of a new teacher agency. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis. Series E, Scientiae rerum socialium 154. Retrieved from

Tapio, E. (2013). A nexus analysis of English in the everyday life of FinSL signers: a multimodal view on interaction. Jyväskylä University Printing Press. Retrieved from

Studies using nexus analysis
(check also the publications by the researchers in Oulu)

Källkvist, M. (2013). The engaging nature of translation: A nexus analysis of student-teacher interaction. In D. Tsagari & G. Foloros (eds), Translation in language teaching and assessment. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 115–134.

Palviainen, Å & K. Mård-Miettinen (2015). Creating a bilingual pre-school classroom: the multilayered discourses of a bilingual teacher. Language and Education 29 (5), 381–399.

Pietikäinen, S. (2012). Kieli-ideologiat arjessa. Neksusanalyysi monikielisen inarinsaamenpuhujan kielielämäkerrassa [Language ideologies in practice: A nexus analysis of a multilingual Inari Sámi speaker’s language biography]. Virittäjä, 116(3), 410–442. Retrieved from

Pietikäinen, S. (2015). Multilingual dynamics in Sámiland: rhizomatic discourses on changing language. International Journal of Bilingualism, 19 (2), 206–225.

Pietikäinen, S., P. Lane, H. Salo & S. Laihiala-Kankainen. (2011). Frozen actions in the arctic linguistic landscape: a nexus analysis of language processes in visual space. International Journal of Multilingualism, 8 (4), 277–298.

Rish, R.M. (2015). Researching writing events: using mediated discourse analysis to explore how students write together. Literacy, 49 (1), 12–19.

Rosén, J. & S. Bagga-Gupta (2015). Prata svenska, vi är i Sverige! [Talk Swedish, we are in Sweden!]: A study of practiced language policy in adult language learning. Linguistics and Education 31, 59–73.

Strömmer, M. (2017). Mahdollisuuksien rajoissa. Neksusanalyysi suomen kielen oppimisesta siivoustyössä. Jyväskylä Studies in Humanities 336. Retrieved from



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